In our surroundings we start to look at that extra folks ask us about how a chapter can have an effect on their job.

There’s a whole lot of data on the Web, however on this publish we’re going to attempt to clarify in a quite simple manner how a chapter impacts a employee.


1.1 What’s a chapter?

The Contest of collectors is a process that’s requested from a Industrial Decide, that’s, it’s a judicial process.

It begins as a result of an individual or firm is in a present and imminent state of insolvency.

That’s, you can not cope together with your funds, however there are nonetheless possibilities to rectify the state of affairs, and for this, normally ship a feasibility plan the place you request a debt discount and / or a deferral in funds.

The method has a double goal:

1ยบ That the collectors can recuperate the unpaid money owed.

2nd Keep away from the extinction of society.

If somebody desires to delve into this matter, this course of is regulated by the Consolidated Text of the Bankruptcy Law of 2020.

1.2 How does it work?

There are two sorts of processes:

1st Voluntary Contest: It’s offered by the debtor inside two months after the monetary issues are detected.

He presents the accounting paperwork (money owed and property) earlier than the choose, and presents him with a proposal to maneuver ahead.

2nd Contest Essential: It’s offered by a creditor with documentation displaying continued defaults on the a part of the debtor.

The choose begins to handle the corporate with some directors (a lawyer, an auditor and a consultant of the collectors) and might even disqualify the entrepreneur

After the analysis there are two choices:

1st Collectors Settlement: debt will be diminished and funds deferred

2nd Firm liquidation: An settlement will not be reached, the settlement is breached or the corporate requests it.


Initially the Collectors Chapter does NOT suggest automated termination of the contract, quite the opposite, the legislator desires the work exercise to proceed.

We stand earlier than two assumptions:

a) If the employee is up-to-date with funds and has not acquired a standard discover for dismissal, the declaration of the chapter of the corporate doesn’t immediately have an effect on the employee and You could have the duty to go to your job like some other employee in Spain.

b) If wage quantities are owed, aside from the request for fee of debtsure, you’ll be able to declare the termination of the contract work earlier than the social court docket.


Right here we now have to be very clear about what if the employer desires to fireside a employee individually for the corresponding trigger, it’s completed following the final guidelines established by the Staff’ Statute.

That’s, a employee is late and drunk every single day, the employer can hearth him.

Conversely, As soon as the chapter has began, a request for collective redundancies have to be requested. making an attempt to achieve an settlement based on the Chapter legislation.

Too staff’ representatives it’s included the directors They will additionally request collective redundancies.

In different phrases, the employees, in view of the financial state of affairs of the corporate, can request a short lived ERE for the suspension of the contract, or an ERE for termination, in different phrases, a collective dismissal.

Within the latter case, the compensation that corresponds to the employees is at the very least 20 days per yr labored with a most of 12 month-to-month funds.

This request will be made as soon as the chapter choose points the chapter report. Nevertheless, if the delay within the presentation of the report might significantly compromise the longer term viability of the corporate or trigger critical hurt to the employees, the request could also be made at any procedural second from the declaration of the chapter.

In different phrases, the distinction between an organization in chapter and one other that’s not, and solely in collective measures, would be the process to observe, because the causes and rights of the employees are the identical.


As we now have identified earlier than, the business choose takes command of the corporate with the directors and establishes the order of assortment from collectors.

On the prime of the order of funds is the wage of the final 30 days, with the restrict of twice the minimal interprofessional wage (SMI); In different phrases, in the present day you’d have assured 1,900 euros.

If a employee doesn’t cost their final month of labor, it implies that nobody is charged.

On the remainder of the debt of the employer with the employee, which exceeds double and as much as triple the SMI might be credit score with normal privilege, and in all the pieces that exceeds thrice the SMI it will likely be peculiar credit score.

If the employee’s credit score proceeds from compensation and results in the termination of your employment contract (typically a layoff), what doesn’t exceed thrice the SMI might be thought-about credit score with normal privilege, and in what exceeds the latter peculiar credit score.

If compensation derives from an accident at work or occupational illness, your complete quantity (with out restrict) might be thought-about credit score with normal privilege.

Right here we need to make a vital point out, maybe a very powerful of the entire publish:

If the employees are negotiating an ERE with the corporate or a fee settlement earlier than the beginning of the declaration of chapter, and people quantities usually are not paid on the time of the declaration of chapter, these quantities change into a debt greater than it enters into the so-called CREDIT AGAINST THE MASS. THERE IS NO COLLECTION GUARANTEE.

If, alternatively, the settlement happens after the start of the declaration of chapter, the quantities to be paid might be among the many first to be collected within the order of funds and might be collected as agreed AS THE AGREEMENTS SIGNED BY THE EMPLOYER THEY ARE MANDATORY; turns into a part of CREDITOS CON PRIVILEGO GENERAL. IT IS CHARGED ALMOST INSURANCE.

Staff have to be very attentive, the legislation may be very clear however in these processes it’s essential to completely assess the state of affairs to evaluate what could also be of extra curiosity; eye the method is managed by a business choose, not a social choose.

If on the time of concluding the chapter employment regulation file there isn’t a cash for the fee of compensation for the collective dismissal, the chapter administrator will concern a certification accrediting the dismissal and the compensation acknowledged to every employee in order that they will request the fee of the advantages legally supplied to FOGASA.

FOGASA pays a part of the salaries, processing salaries and compensation that haven’t been paid:

Pay as much as 120 days taking twice the SMI as a each day wage reference, together with the proportional a part of the additional funds.

Relating to compensation, the restrict to be paid is an annuity with out the each day wage with the ability to exceed double the SMI together with the proportional a part of the additional funds.

Within the case of chapter, it isn’t vital to attend for the chapter to finish, however throughout its processing, fee will be requested from FOGASA.

Nevertheless, FOGASA doesn’t pay all of the money owed however has a longtime restrict in relation to the Minimal Interprofessional Wage


As within the two earlier factors, these modifications will be agreed individually or collectively earlier than or after the declaration of chapter, nevertheless, as soon as the chapter process has began, these 4 circumstances are regulated by chapter legislation.

In different phrases, the distinction between an organization in chapter and one other that’s not, and solely in collective measures, would be the process to observe, because the causes and rights of the employees are the identical.

2.3.1 Substantial modification of working circumstances.

It consists of proposing adjustments within the working day, schedule, remuneration, and many others. .. to adapt the employment state of affairs to the market state of affairs.

If the employee doesn’t need to work below these new circumstances, he might request the termination of the employment contract with the proper to compensation of 20 days per yr labored with a most of 9 month-to-month funds (This proper will be suspended for a interval not exceeding 12 months throughout the chapter).

2.3.2 Switch of the work heart

If there’s a change of office that forces the employee to vary their work residence, they will additionally request termination with compensation of 20 days per yr labored with a most of twelve months.

2.3.Three Suspension of employment contracts, often known as Employment Regulation Recordsdata – ERTEs.

Sadly, “thanks” to the Covid you’ll realize it; When a discount of the working day or suspension of the employment relationship is proposed quickly, the unemployment profit will be collected, however quite the opposite, the termination of the contract can’t be requested.

2.3.four Collective dismissals or termination employment regulation file -ERE-.

Termination of the employment relationship with the proper to a minimal compensation of 20 days per yr labored as much as a most of 12 months. The next compensation will be agreed.

A dismissal letter have to be delivered indicating the causes of termination, along with giving 15 days advance discover.


We add this final query as a result of it has come to our consideration that two folks have requested us in current days.

Initially, we should know that it is not necessary that the employee inform the corporate that you’re pregnant.

The jurisprudence repeatedly establishes that the dismissals of staff that happen throughout the interval between the date of starting of being pregnant till the start of the interval of suspension for maternity, are thought-about null.

Being a void dismissal, heThe corporate should reinstate the employee and pay the wages that the employee would obtain from the second of dismissal till the second of reinstatement.

The employee might be obliged to rejoin, as a result of if it doesn’t, it will likely be thought-about voluntary withdrawal and you’ll not be entitled to unemployment.

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