The case of the airline rescue Extra Extremely by the Sociedad Estatal de Participaciones Industriales (SEPI), a public entity depending on the Ministry of Finance, clearly concentrates the ills of our public sector. It’s, as is thought, an airline that has offered losses since its structure in 2011 and that in 2019 operated 0.03% of flights in Spain and that, nevertheless, has obtained support of 53 million euros (after having tried unsuccessfully to acquire ICO loans, additionally public, however managed by personal banks).
Certainly, the Royal Decree-Regulation of July 3, on pressing measures to assist financial reactivation and employment, creates a brand new fund managed by the State Society of Industrial Participations of 10,000 million euros to provide non permanent monetary assist to non-financial, strategic and solvent corporations which were notably affected by COVID-19 and that they request it. Specifically, its article 2.2 signifies, concerning the necessities, that it’s a query of offering assist “to non-financial corporations which are experiencing extreme non permanent difficulties because of the COVID-19 pandemic and which are thought of strategic for the nationwide or regional productive material, amongst different causes, as a result of its delicate social and financial influence, its relevance for security, folks’s well being, infrastructures, communications or its contribution to the correct functioning of markets ”.
It doesn’t truthfully seem that the airline in query objectively met these situations. The purpose is that in all probability somebody from the political sphere understood that, for political causes, it was handy to grant the requested assist. And this choice was later endorsed with formalities and reviews corresponding, this being a reasonably widespread means of functioning in our public sector, the place the opacity and clientelism political are, sadly, very frequent. As of at the moment these reviews (of which the decisive one is outwardly that of the Ministry of Public Works for causes of competence) they haven’t been made publicthat we all know of.
However maybe we must also take a look at the basis explanation for one of these manifestly unprofessional choice happening. The last word motive is politicization of our public sector. The choice to bail out has been taken, in accordance with the provisions of the Royal Decree-Regulation of July 2, by the Administration Board of the Fund, to assist the solvency of strategic corporations. On the head of this physique (made up of senior positions, all of whom are politically appointed) is the Vice President of SEPI, Bartolomé Lora, for the reason that Presidency of SEPI has been vacant since October 2019. Each the President and Vice President of SEPI They’re positions of political belief, appointed by decree of the Council of Ministers on the proposal of the Minister of Finance.
What occurs on this case is that the earlier particular person in cost and particular person of confidence of the Minister of Finance needed to resign in October 2019 as he was being investigated by the Seville Provincial Court docket for the Aznalcollar case, with out – even if he had been saving the publish– It appears potential to “get him again”, provided that he has been prosecuted in stated investigation. The truth that his alternative has not but been appointed as a result of, apparently, “the correct particular person will not be discovered” provides an thought of the prevailing political tradition in our public sector. Perhaps one Public tender may resolve this downside with ample solvency; however clearly the Authorities and the Minister of Finance don’t consider appointing somebody by way of an open process that respects the ideas of benefit and skill as is finished in different neighboring nations.
Certainly, the appointment of the president of SEPI (like that of all the highest managers of the general public sector, then again) it’s based mostly on political belief and never on different deserves. There aren’t any open and clear calls or procedures, and far much less concurrence of candidates. Because of this, all public corporations are additionally topic to a relentless turnover that will depend on the electoral cycles (and even adjustments of presidency throughout the similar cycle) and to not skilled causes linked to the higher or worse efficiency of the place, the outcomes obtained or the achievement of the strategic goals (if there are any) of the general public entities . It’s one thing that the Maximabest Basis has nicely recognized within the “Study on meritocracy in the appointment of the highest officials of the state public sector and independent authorities” -or, as we prefer to name it, our “dedometer” -. As you’ll be able to see, it’s an unprofessional mannequin, not very clear and extremely politicized. Maybe this is without doubt one of the causes that designate such little justifiable choices from the standpoint of common pursuits such because the rescue of the airline Plus Extremely.