As is thought, the governance, administration and execution of European funds represent a formidable problem for Spain. We’re speaking about an unlimited amount of cash, of which Spain corresponds to round 140,000 million euros, roughly 3% of GDP. The problem stems not solely from quantity but additionally the quick time period of climate (they must be executed earlier than 2026), in addition to the scenario wherein the Spanish Public Administration finds itself after a decade of decapitalization within the type of retirements, cuts, lack of alternative of workers, lack of certified profiles, inadequate sources, lack of satisfactory incentives, and so on., and so on. This lack of capability of the Spanish Administrations has already precipitated execution issues prior to now, in order that throughout the 2014-2020 interval the execution of the funds amounted to 39% of the dedication.
To cope with this case, the Authorities selected to approve the Royal decree regulation 36/2020, of December 30, approving pressing measures for the modernization of the Public Administration and for the execution of the Restoration, Transformation and Resilience Plan. The said goal was to deal with what it thought-about “bottlenecks” within the administration of European funds and, subsequently, streamline and “debureaucratize” the administration. The issue is that most likely by the way in which they’ve thrown the kid with the tub water, because the now well-known opinion 783/2020 of the Council of State on stated rule exhibits, which the Government had not needed to disclose. To such an extent that, as soon as its content material was recognized, the Vox parliamentary group has said that, had it learn it earlier than, it might have voted towards the validation of the Royal Decree-law that, we keep in mind, went forward because of its abstention.
Certainly, the opinion of the Council of State highlights the suppression or discount of a sequence of ensures and controls that had been established with the exact goal of avoiding mismanagement. It’s, most often, to make extra versatile or eradicate authorizations or obligatory reviews (that had been established to forestall mismanagement, waste, patronage or corruption) or shorten deadlines, principally going to emergency procedures. Particularly, procedures and deadlines in public procurement and grant procedures are simplified and shortened. The issue, after all, is that we’re speaking about preventive management mechanisms that, though they decelerate administration, serve to cut back these dangers that, let’s not neglect, have materialized too many instances, as proven by the quite a few corruption issues round public procurement linked or to not irregular get together funding political as has occurred within the GÜRTEL or within the case of the ERES of Andalusia, the place the cash got here from the European Social Fund.
Nor ought to it’s forgotten that the disappearance of those preventive management mechanisms and of those ensures is just not accompanied by their alternative by some system of inside, technical and unbiased counterweights, worthy of the identify. Reasonably the alternative: the governance of European funds could be very problematic. Within the first place, as a result of it’s extremely centralized provided that the best governance physique (the Fee for Restoration, Transformation and Resilience) principally coincides with the Council of Ministers, and the Technical Committee created to help it’s appointed by this Fee. Coordination with the Autonomous Communities is established by the Sectorial Convention of the Plan, wherein issues derived from the reservation of the decisive vote for the Ministry of Finance have already appeared. In brief, it’s a overly political and centralized governance mannequin, regardless of the existence of a Sector Convention extra targeted on implementation points than on design and governance. And, above all, the lack participation in any respect ranges of unbiased and knowledgeable our bodies.
In brief, to place it within the phrases of the Council of State, though it’s essential to make the administration of European funds extra versatile because of the context of most urgency, it’s needed on the similar time to ensure “the upkeep of a rigorous management concerning the allocation” of sources and “their hyperlink to the needs for which they’re granted”. Evidently the federal government It’s clearer that it’s important to spend quick than it’s important to spend effectivelyn. It’s regular for some alarms to sound. And it’s that the shadow of Plan E is elongated.
A earlier model of this textual content was revealed in Global Chronicle.