“Earlier than him [el Catedrático] just a few empty jugs, like those Dickens was speaking about, busily take notes with out realizing something; as a result of, has a stenographer ever discovered concerning the speeches he collects? ” Miguel de Unamuno. Of Increased Schooling in Spain.

A brand new controversy has arisen on the earth of schooling, as quickly because the LOMLOE was accepted and virtually with out having completed debating (and fewer reaching an settlement) the earlier issues that made a lot noise: freedom of educating, concerted educating, pin parental, passing grade with failures, and so forth.

This time Minister Celaá places on the desk a brand new reform as a small methodological revolution: she desires to refocus our main and secondary schooling system in direction of a strategy or theoretical-methodological conceptual framework that focuses extra in competitions -Competence model-, let it’s multidisciplinary and focus much less in memoristic contents. That it doesn’t focus and construction on an awesome number of thematic areas as so far, typically infinite – the classical topics -, however slightly on way more content material transversales, that transcend the traditional idea of a topic that, as it’s established, relies on an atomization of the contents, with out the scholars – or typically the lecturers – realizing tips on how to set up the pertinent relationships between some contents and others.

However as well as, and past the contents, it’s supposed to coach in sure features which are completely absent from our present college curriculum however fundamental for the formation of the longer term college {and professional}: private progress – carefully linked to emotional intelligence that can also be absent-, social responsability, profession improvement, capability of to speak orally and in writing, to ascertain the relations related between some areas of data and others and a few extra.

Regardless of the scandal (or slightly shock) that this has induced, this strategy will not be removed from new. There are some colleges in Madrid, usually worldwide, that already put it into observe, and the Worldwide Baccalaureate (IB), more and more adopted by public colleges and institutes, is shifting in that path. In reality, a kind of curriculum similar to the competency one was introduced by WG Spady within the State of Oregon in 1972, and the Council of Europe has been making suggestions on this regard for a very long time. It’s due to this fact not an invention of Mrs. Celaá. If we take competences as areas of data, they’ve been in our college curriculum for a very long time. One other very totally different factor is how is it applied.

Why a lot criticism for a lot? We are going to level out, on this and subsequent posts, on the one hand the resistance and criticism; on the opposite, what this methodological / conceptual change implies in addition to its undoubted benefits of being correctly applied; and, lastly, the large difficulties and the problem that this entails.

As a preliminary level, it have to be clarified that, when talking of the idea of reminiscence – and due to this fact of the memoristic studying-, each those that converse in favor and those that place themselves in opposition to it in all probability ignore that reminiscence will not be a unitary cognitive course of, that it’s not a univocal idea that refers to a single factor, however that there are a number of reminiscence techniques. Nevertheless, it’s by no means specified what sort of reminiscence are they referring to; neither its detractors nor its defenders.

With out the intention of turning this put up right into a psychology class, we’ll say that there’s a short-term and operative reminiscence and a long-term reminiscence. An episodic reminiscence and a semantic one. A procedural and a perceptual reminiscence. The complexity of reminiscence techniques is gigantic and due to this fact merely speaking about “reminiscence” is excessively simplifying. And, as may be inferred from what has been stated, some reminiscence techniques are completely vital for studying. They’re at its base.

Nevertheless, it’s true that a big sequence of content material may be accessed at the moment by digital techniques, liberating up the burden of data and reminiscence effort. Nations reminiscent of the UK, Korea, Singapore, Japan or Finland have drastically lowered their content material and their outcomes are among the many finest within the PISA evaluations. However a relational, transversal and multidisciplinary system, based mostly on competencies, requires extremely skilled lecturers and customarily two lecturers per class. And never all of them are ready, or prepared, for a methodological change of such an extent that, to inform the reality, it will drive them to an virtually whole rethinking of their methodology and the conception of their topics.

To present a present instance of some multidisciplinary and relational approaches to sure subjects -for youngsters in grade 6- in a world college in Madrid, the place they put together for the Worldwide Baccalaureate (IB) from a younger age, we’ll cite the next, which, as you possibly can see , they don’t give attention to conventional topics and may be enrolled in a number of on the identical time:

  • The Science of Projectile Movement.
  • Park Service Arithmetic.
  • The Geography Beneath Our Ft.
  • Artistic City Journey.

We are going to finish by quoting Mariano Fernández Enguita, and he isn’t the one one, who enunciates a number of the issues of present schooling. These proceed to be poor preliminary trainer coaching, college governance, lack of innovation, and – throughout COVID – reluctance to take on-line lessons, with large variations in a number of of those features between private and non-private ; some variations that he analyzes in his article in El Mundo, April 17, pg. 13:Coffee for everyone is a bad school.

If we settle for this prognosis, the present pointers of the Celaá plan is not going to be simple to implement.

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